Sports betting legislation tracker in the United States of America

Several U.S. states have taken legislative action with an eye toward sports betting in the past few years, and several more have taken steps in contemplation of the federal government lifting its ban. As New Jersey’s case against the major sports leagues has now reached the U.S. Supreme Court, these states are attempting to position themselves to implement licensing and regulatory frameworks for sports betting without delay. We will update this grid with links and details as bills make their way through legislative bodies in each state.

STATESTATUSBILL/LEGISLATIONDATEFURTHER DETAILSSPONSOR
AlabamaNo action
AlaskaNo action
ArizonaNo action
ArkansasNo action
CaliforniaPendingThe proposed Assembly Constitutional Amendment 18 would authorize the state legislature to permit sports wagering.June 2017The amendment would only take effect if the federal law (PASPA) is changed, i.e., repealed. Assemblyman Adam Gray
ColoradoNo action
ConnecticutPending change in federal law House Bill 6948 asks a state commission to outline a regulatory framework for sports betting in anticipation of PASPA being overturned. July 2017Connecticut's sports betting bill was passed, and Governor Dannel Malloy has signed it.Representative Jason Rojas
DelawareLegal on limited basis; only parlay wagering on NFL games is permitted. The state's most recent attempt to fully legalize, Senate Bill 183, died in committee in 2016.January 2018Officials do not believe that additional legislation is required to implement single-game wagering. “But we are having our attorneys review just to be sure" said director of the Delaware Lottery Vernon Kirk.This '16 bill was a bipartisan effort comprised of 12 Democratic and Republican lawmakers.
FloridaNo action
GeorgiaNo action
HawaiiPendingBills in both the House (HB 927
) and Senate (SB 677) are contemplating legalization.January 2017HB 927 calls for the establishment of a commission to analyze the possibility of gaming in Hawaii.
 SB677 would create the Hawaii Internet lottery and gaming corporation for the purpose of conducting internet gambling in the state. After their introduction, both bills were referred to committees.Representative John Mizuno (HB 927
) and Senator Will Espero (SB677)
IdahoNo action
IllinoisPendingSB 2478 would create the Sports Betting Consumer Protection Act, legalizing sports betting in the event that federal law does not prohibit such (i.e. PASPA gets repealed).January/February 2018The bill shows a clear focus on creating a mobile/online component for sports betting. Chief Sponsor Changed to Sen. Steve Stadelman (previously Don Harmon)
IndianaMoving forward, potentially groundbreakingSenate Bill No. 405 would authorize sports wagering on riverboats, racinos, and satellite facilities after the Indiana gaming commission determines that current federal prohibitions on sports wagering are no longer applicable; House Bill 1325 would do the same, also if federal law changes. January 2018Ford and Morrison (at right) authored and sponsored Indiana's daily fantasy sports bill (SB 339) in 2016, signed by then-governor Mike Pence. The House version of the sports betting bill includes an "integrity fee" provision that would give sports leagues 1% of all wagers on their league's games. After hearing backlash on the 1% fee, lawmakers may be pumping brakes.Sen. Jon Ford (R-Terre Haute) introduced SB 405 and by Indiana Rep. Alan Morrison (R-District 42) authored HB 1325.
IowaPendingHouse Study Bill 592, which would legalize sports betting, (HSB 592) is making its way through committees. January 2018The bill will undergo significant amendment. In its current form, the state's state Racing and Gaming Commission would handle regulatory matters. The NBA and MLB are lobbying here (as in other states) for an "integrity fee" and control of data used to grade wagers. Representative Ken Rizer (R-Marion) with Local Government subcommittee chairman Jake Highfill (R-Johnston) doing some work
KansasPendingThe bare-bones House Bill 2533 would allow wagering on professional and collegiate sportsJanuary 2018The bill would limit sports betting to Kansas racetracks, which HB 2545 looks to reviveKansas’s Committee on Federal and State Affairs
KentuckyPendingSB 22 would require the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission to institute a sports wagering system. January 2018The law would task the horse racing commission with regulatory, licensure and compliance regulations for sports wagering at horse tracks. The bill was introduced to the Appropriations & Revenue committee and so far has not advanced.Senator Julian M. Carroll (D-Frankfort)
LouisianaNo action
MaineNo action
MarylandPendingHouse Bill 0989 would establishing a task force to study the implementation of sports gaming in the state, to monitor federal law, and make recommendations regarding the implementation of sports gaming.March 2017The proposed legislation would take effect in the event that the federal government repealed its prohibition against sports betting (PASPA).Delegates Jason Buckel and Kevin Hornberger
MassachusettsPercolatingState senator Eileen Donoghue has a proposed bill (SD 2480), which would would create a committee to study, regulate and examine taxation of legal sports betting in Massachusetts (if PASPA gets struck).January 2018“There are a lot of states teeing this up and if there is a competitive consideration we ought to at least give the Legislature enough of a heads-up with enough time that if they wanted to prepare,” Gaming Commission Chairman Stephen Crosby said.Eileen Donoghue (D-First Middlesex District)
MichiganPendingHouse Bills 4060, 4261 and 4338 all pertain to sports betting. HR 4060 would amend the Michigan Gaming Control and Revenue Act to allow the holder of a casino license to accept wagers on sporting events; HR 4338 would allow parlay wagering; HR 4261 would allow simulcast wagers on horse racing in licensed casinos.March 2017All three measures have been referred to the Committee on Regulatory Reform.Representative Robert Kosowski
MinnesotaPercolatingPrevious bills failed but recently Rep. Pat Garofolo said he plans to introduce legislation to legalize sports betting. In late January on Twitter, he teased a forthcoming bill January 2018“A draft version of the legislation is complete,” Garofalo said. “As it goes through the process, I expect that stakeholders will modify it from its current form.”(Probably) Rep. Pat Garofalo
MississippiPendingHouse Bill 967 legalized sports fantasy betting (Fantasy Contest Act) in the state and also included language that would legalize sports betting in Mississippi casinos if PASPA is overturned. March, 2017“We did make modifications to Gaming Control Act that would allow for the Gaming Commission to regulate sports betting if it were ever to be overturned at the federal level,” said Rep. Scott DeLano.Governor Phil Bryant signed the bill, although he opposes sports betting in Mississippi.
MissouriPendingHouse Bill 2320 is pretty skinny but a start for implementing legal sports betting, by tasking the Missouri gaming commission with creating rules and regulations.February 2018The bill was introduced with more comprehensive legislation on the way. That said, a draft bill floating around in MO appears to come from an MLB/NBA wish list of provisions.Rep. Bart Korman (R-High Hill)
MontanaLegal on a very limited basisMontana was one of four states (along with Nevada, Delaware and Oregon) to have their grandfathered under PASPA because they all allowed some form of sports betting at the time of its enactment.CurrentIn 2008, Montana began its "Montana Sports Action" which is basically a form of fantasy sports, offering through the state lottery.
NebraskaNo action
NevadaLegal, very legalCurrent
New HampshireNo action
New JerseyPendingSenate Bill No. 3375 removed and repealed all prohibitions, permits, licenses, and authorizations concerning sports betting in New Jersey.June 2017New Jersey had partially repealed its prohibitions in 2014 -- the impetus for the blockbuster lawsuit that's made its way to the Supreme Court. This bill just took it a bit further once the court accepted its writ.Senator Raymond Lesniak
New MexicoNo action
New YorkPendingSenate Bill 1282 and Assembly Bill 5438 would authorize sports betting at facilities in racetracks, casinos and off-track betting sites in New York State.February and March, 2017Both bills are in committees in their respective chambers. There is also language in the Upstate New York Gaming Development Act of 2013 that contemplates sports betting at state casinos if federal law changes.Multiple co-sponsors
North CarolinaNo action
North DakotaNo action
OhioNo action
OklahomaPendingSenate Bill 519 would authorize sports betting as a part of a larger package related to tribal gaming.May 2017The bill was referred to the Budget Committee. Senator Kim David
 and Representative Leslie Osborn
OregonLegal but limited under federal lawOregon's “Sports Action Lottery," which allowed parlay wagering on NFL and NBA games at times from 1989-2007, was grandfathered in under PASPA. Eliminated in 2007Seeking to host NCAA basketball tournament games in the state, Oregon discontinued Sports Action in 2007.
PennsylvaniaPending change in federal law The Pennsylvania Assembly passed HB271 -- a robust gambling bill that would allow online gambling and permit licensed sports betting — if or when federal law allows it.October 2017Governor Tom Wolf signed Pennsylvania's sports betting bill but questions remain about the taxes and fees the law imposes on would-be operators. Representative Jason Ortitay(R) was primary sponsor with bipartisan co-sponsors
Rhode IslandPendingGovernor Gina Raimondo is in favor of legalizing sports betting while Senate President Dominick Ruggiero has introduced initial legislation to get the ball rolling. January 2018Senate Bill 2045 is on to committee. Raimondo actually included potential proceeds of $23.5M in the state budget --
a number projected by Department of Revenue Spokesman Paul Grimaldi.
Bi-partisan bill sponsored by Ruggiero.
South CarolinaPendingHouse Bill 3102 would amend the state constitution to allow South Carolina to regulate sports betting.January 2017The bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee.Representative J. Todd Rutherford
South DakotaNo action
TennesseeNo action
TexasNo action
UtahNo action
VermontNo action
VirginiaNo action
WashingtonNo action
West VirginiaPendingSenate Bill 415, the "West Virginia Lottery Sports Wagering Act" has bipartisan support and is on to committee. Passage appears likely.January 2018The bill would legalize sports betting at the states five existing casino/racetracks only, and allow approved mobile sports betting. Applicable tax rate on operators would be 10%.Senate Majority Leader Ryan Ferns with co-sponsors
WisconsinNo action
WyomingNo action
STATESTATUSBILL/LEGISLATIONDATEFURTHER DETAILSSPONSOR
AlabamaNo action
AlaskaNo action
ArizonaNo action
ArkansasNo action
CaliforniaPendingThe proposed Assembly Constitutional Amendment 18 would authorize the state legislature to permit sports wagering.June 2017The amendment would only take effect if the federal law (PASPA) is changed, i.e., repealed. Assemblyman Adam Gray
ColoradoNo action
ConnecticutPending change in federal law House Bill 6948 asks a state commission to outline a regulatory framework for sports betting in anticipation of PASPA being overturned. July 2017Connecticut's sports betting bill was passed, and Governor Dannel Malloy has signed it.Representative Jason Rojas
DelawareLegal on limited basis; only parlay wagering on NFL games is permitted. The state's most recent attempt to fully legalize, Senate Bill 183, died in committee in 2016.January 2018Officials do not believe that additional legislation is required to implement single-game wagering. “But we are having our attorneys review just to be sure" said director of the Delaware Lottery Vernon Kirk.This '16 bill was a bipartisan effort comprised of 12 Democratic and Republican lawmakers.
FloridaNo action
GeorgiaNo action
HawaiiPendingBills in both the House (HB 927
) and Senate (SB 677) are contemplating legalization.January 2017HB 927 calls for the establishment of a commission to analyze the possibility of gaming in Hawaii.
 SB677 would create the Hawaii Internet lottery and gaming corporation for the purpose of conducting internet gambling in the state. After their introduction, both bills were referred to committees.Representative John Mizuno (HB 927
) and Senator Will Espero (SB677)
IdahoNo action
IllinoisPendingSB 2478 would create the Sports Betting Consumer Protection Act, legalizing sports betting in the event that federal law does not prohibit such (i.e. PASPA gets repealed).January/February 2018The bill shows a clear focus on creating a mobile/online component for sports betting. Chief Sponsor Changed to Sen. Steve Stadelman (previously Don Harmon)
IndianaMoving forward, potentially groundbreakingSenate Bill No. 405 would authorize sports wagering on riverboats, racinos, and satellite facilities after the Indiana gaming commission determines that current federal prohibitions on sports wagering are no longer applicable; House Bill 1325 would do the same, also if federal law changes. January 2018Ford and Morrison (at right) authored and sponsored Indiana's daily fantasy sports bill (SB 339) in 2016, signed by then-governor Mike Pence. The House version of the sports betting bill includes an "integrity fee" provision that would give sports leagues 1% of all wagers on their league's games. After hearing backlash on the 1% fee, lawmakers may be pumping brakes.Sen. Jon Ford (R-Terre Haute) introduced SB 405 and by Indiana Rep. Alan Morrison (R-District 42) authored HB 1325.
IowaPendingHouse Study Bill 592, which would legalize sports betting, (HSB 592) is making its way through committees. January 2018The bill will undergo significant amendment. In its current form, the state's state Racing and Gaming Commission would handle regulatory matters. The NBA and MLB are lobbying here (as in other states) for an "integrity fee" and control of data used to grade wagers. Representative Ken Rizer (R-Marion) with Local Government subcommittee chairman Jake Highfill (R-Johnston) doing some work
KansasPendingThe bare-bones House Bill 2533 would allow wagering on professional and collegiate sportsJanuary 2018The bill would limit sports betting to Kansas racetracks, which HB 2545 looks to reviveKansas’s Committee on Federal and State Affairs
KentuckyPendingSB 22 would require the Kentucky Horse Racing Commission to institute a sports wagering system. January 2018The law would task the horse racing commission with regulatory, licensure and compliance regulations for sports wagering at horse tracks. The bill was introduced to the Appropriations & Revenue committee and so far has not advanced.Senator Julian M. Carroll (D-Frankfort)
LouisianaNo action
MaineNo action
MarylandPendingHouse Bill 0989 would establishing a task force to study the implementation of sports gaming in the state, to monitor federal law, and make recommendations regarding the implementation of sports gaming.March 2017The proposed legislation would take effect in the event that the federal government repealed its prohibition against sports betting (PASPA).Delegates Jason Buckel and Kevin Hornberger
MassachusettsPercolatingState senator Eileen Donoghue has a proposed bill (SD 2480), which would would create a committee to study, regulate and examine taxation of legal sports betting in Massachusetts (if PASPA gets struck).January 2018“There are a lot of states teeing this up and if there is a competitive consideration we ought to at least give the Legislature enough of a heads-up with enough time that if they wanted to prepare,” Gaming Commission Chairman Stephen Crosby said.Eileen Donoghue (D-First Middlesex District)
MichiganPendingHouse Bills 4060, 4261 and 4338 all pertain to sports betting. HR 4060 would amend the Michigan Gaming Control and Revenue Act to allow the holder of a casino license to accept wagers on sporting events; HR 4338 would allow parlay wagering; HR 4261 would allow simulcast wagers on horse racing in licensed casinos.March 2017All three measures have been referred to the Committee on Regulatory Reform.Representative Robert Kosowski
MinnesotaPercolatingPrevious bills failed but recently Rep. Pat Garofolo said he plans to introduce legislation to legalize sports betting. In late January on Twitter, he teased a forthcoming bill January 2018“A draft version of the legislation is complete,” Garofalo said. “As it goes through the process, I expect that stakeholders will modify it from its current form.”(Probably) Rep. Pat Garofalo
MississippiPendingHouse Bill 967 legalized sports fantasy betting (Fantasy Contest Act) in the state and also included language that would legalize sports betting in Mississippi casinos if PASPA is overturned. March, 2017“We did make modifications to Gaming Control Act that would allow for the Gaming Commission to regulate sports betting if it were ever to be overturned at the federal level,” said Rep. Scott DeLano.Governor Phil Bryant signed the bill, although he opposes sports betting in Mississippi.
MissouriPendingHouse Bill 2320 is pretty skinny but a start for implementing legal sports betting, by tasking the Missouri gaming commission with creating rules and regulations.February 2018The bill was introduced with more comprehensive legislation on the way. That said, a draft bill floating around in MO appears to come from an MLB/NBA wish list of provisions.Rep. Bart Korman (R-High Hill)
MontanaLegal on a very limited basisMontana was one of four states (along with Nevada, Delaware and Oregon) to have their grandfathered under PASPA because they all allowed some form of sports betting at the time of its enactment.CurrentIn 2008, Montana began its "Montana Sports Action" which is basically a form of fantasy sports, offering through the state lottery.
NebraskaNo action
NevadaLegal, very legalCurrent
New HampshireNo action
New JerseyPendingSenate Bill No. 3375 removed and repealed all prohibitions, permits, licenses, and authorizations concerning sports betting in New Jersey.June 2017New Jersey had partially repealed its prohibitions in 2014 -- the impetus for the blockbuster lawsuit that's made its way to the Supreme Court. This bill just took it a bit further once the court accepted its writ.Senator Raymond Lesniak
New MexicoNo action
New YorkPendingSenate Bill 1282 and Assembly Bill 5438 would authorize sports betting at facilities in racetracks, casinos and off-track betting sites in New York State.February and March, 2017Both bills are in committees in their respective chambers. There is also language in the Upstate New York Gaming Development Act of 2013 that contemplates sports betting at state casinos if federal law changes.Multiple co-sponsors
North CarolinaNo action
North DakotaNo action
OhioNo action
OklahomaPendingSenate Bill 519 would authorize sports betting as a part of a larger package related to tribal gaming.May 2017The bill was referred to the Budget Committee. Senator Kim David
 and Representative Leslie Osborn
OregonLegal but limited under federal lawOregon's “Sports Action Lottery," which allowed parlay wagering on NFL and NBA games at times from 1989-2007, was grandfathered in under PASPA. Eliminated in 2007Seeking to host NCAA basketball tournament games in the state, Oregon discontinued Sports Action in 2007.
PennsylvaniaPending change in federal law The Pennsylvania Assembly passed HB271 -- a robust gambling bill that would allow online gambling and permit licensed sports betting — if or when federal law allows it.October 2017Governor Tom Wolf signed Pennsylvania's sports betting bill but questions remain about the taxes and fees the law imposes on would-be operators. Representative Jason Ortitay(R) was primary sponsor with bipartisan co-sponsors
Rhode IslandPendingGovernor Gina Raimondo is in favor of legalizing sports betting while Senate President Dominick Ruggiero has introduced initial legislation to get the ball rolling. January 2018Senate Bill 2045 is on to committee. Raimondo actually included potential proceeds of $23.5M in the state budget --
a number projected by Department of Revenue Spokesman Paul Grimaldi.
Bi-partisan bill sponsored by Ruggiero.
South CarolinaPendingHouse Bill 3102 would amend the state constitution to allow South Carolina to regulate sports betting.January 2017The bill was referred to the Judiciary Committee.Representative J. Todd Rutherford
South DakotaNo action
TennesseeNo action
TexasNo action
UtahNo action
VermontNo action
VirginiaNo action
WashingtonNo action
West VirginiaPendingSenate Bill 415, the "West Virginia Lottery Sports Wagering Act" has bipartisan support and is on to committee. Passage appears likely.January 2018The bill would legalize sports betting at the states five existing casino/racetracks only, and allow approved mobile sports betting. Applicable tax rate on operators would be 10%.Senate Majority Leader Ryan Ferns with co-sponsors
WisconsinNo action
WyomingNo action
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