SportsHandle.com is your place for everything you need and want to know about legal sports betting in New York. As of June 11, 2019 the New York state legislature had passed no new law to make NY sports betting legal, however lawmakers continue to talk and appear committed to legalizing sports betting in New York — it seems more a question of when, not if. Senate Racing, Gaming & Wagering Committee Chairman Joe Addabbo introduced the first sports betting bill of the 2019 session in December. S 17 calls for an 8.5 percent tax, a .2 percent payout to the professional leagues and appears to allow for mobile/internet sports betting.
As the legislature continues to talk, the state’s gaming commission on June 10, 2019 unanimously approved regulations that apply to four upstate casinos, which according to a 2013 law can operate sportsbooks without further legislative action. Back then, the Upstate New York Gaming Economic Development Act made provisions for legal sports betting at four commercial casinos, in the event that federal law changed to allow for it. The law allows for in-person sports betting only.
New York has multiple venues already in place that could serve as home to legal NY sportsbooks, including commercial casinos, tribal casinos, racetracks and off-track betting parlors. Below is a primer not on legal New York sports betting, legal NY sportsbooks, reviews of New York sportsbooks (later with bonus and deposit offers), plus how we got here via New Jersey’s sports betting victory in the Supreme Court.
Legal Sports Betting in New York Update
The June 10 vote by the gaming commission means that four upstate casinos — del Lago Resort and Casino in Seneca County, Tioga Downs in Tioga County, Resorts World Catskills in Sullivan County, and Rivers in Schenectady County — can move forward with rolling out sports betting. All have been working on their sportsbooks and have partners who will run sports betting.
DraftKings will operate the del Lago sportsbook, FanDuel will operate at Tioga Downs, Rush Street Gaming will operate at Rivers Casino, and bet365 will run the Resorts World Catskills sportsbook.
When will the sportsbooks open? Good question, and one that doesn’t have a clear answer. Each casino will have to apply to the New York State Gaming Commission for licenses, and then each will have to go through a testing phase before it can be operational. For comparison, in Pennsylvania, live testing has been taking place for 48 hours before sportsbooks could officially launch, but it can take months of testing and solving other issues (contract negotiations and the like) before getting to live testing.
New York State Gaming Commission Director of Communications Brad Maione earlier this year said sports betting will be taxed at 10 percent, the same rate as other gaming in the state. Absent from the regulations is a requirement for sportsbooks to buy official league data or make any sort of pay out to the professional sports leagues.
New York lawmakers have been feeling almost constant pressure to legalize sports betting since PASPA was overturned, as New Jersey became one of the first states to launch legal sports betting. The Garden State made sports betting legal in on June 14, 2018, and accepted its first sports bet at Monmouth Park and later at the Borgata in Atlantic City. Just across the bridge from New York City, The Meadowlands, in partnership with Paddy Power Betfair and FanDuel, opened for sports betting in July 2018.
Since then, two more of New York’s border states have rolled out legal sports betting — Pennsylvania and Rhode Island. In both New Jersey and Pennsylvania, mobile sports betting is up and running, and it’s clear that New York residents are driving just over the border in both states to place bets. Rhode Island legalized mobile sports betting earlier this year and the goal is to launch that by the start of football season.
All along, Addabbo has continued to lead the effort to legalize sports betting proper in New York — with statewide mobile betting. Key roadblocks to legalization have been questions surrounding the state’s constitution and whether or not a ballot initiative is needed to move sports betting from the black market to a regulated situation. The 2019 legislative session ends on June 19, so it appears unlikely that S 17 will move. Beyond that, Governor Andrew Cuomo hasn’t exactly been a proponent of legal sports betting.
Lawmakers are also exploring ways to make sports betting legal for all gambling facilities via constitutional amendment, but given the structure that exists in New York, the soonest a referendum could be placed on the ballot would be in the fall of 2019.
Commercial Casinos Aiming for Fall 2019 Launch
Del Lago Resort and Casino
1133 Route 414, Waterloo, NY 13165
Resorts World Catskills
888 Resorts World Drive, Monticello, NY 12701
Rivers Casino and Resort
1 Rush Street, Schenectady, NY 12308
Tioga Downs Casino
2384 W River Road, Nichols, NY 13812-1406
Other Potential New York Sports Betting Venues
Akwesasne Mohawk Casino Resort
873 State Route 37, Akwesasne, NY 13655
Mohawk Bingo Palace & Class II Casino
202 State Rt. 37, Akwesasne, NY 13655
Seneca Allegany Resort & Casino
777 Seneca Allegany Boulevard, Salamanca, NY 14779
Seneca Buffalo Creek Casino
1 Fulton Street, Buffalo, NY 14204
Seneca Gaming & Entertainment Irving
11099 Rt. 5, Irving, NY 14081
Seneca Gaming & Entertainment Salamanca
768 Broad Street, Salamanca, NY 14779
Seneca Niagara Casino & Hotel
310 Fourth Street, Niagara Falls, NY 14303
Turning Stone Resort Casino
5218 Patrick Road, Verona, NY 13478
110-00 Rockaway Blvd., South Ozone Park, NY 11420
8315 Park Road, Batavia, NY 14020
2150 Hempstead Turnpike, Elmont, NY 11003
5600 McKinley Pkwy., Hamburg, NY 14075
Finger Lakes Gaming & Racetrack
5857 NY-96, Farmington, NY 14425
Goshen Historic Track
44 Park Place, Goshen, NY 10924
204 NY-17B, Monticello, NY 12701
Saratoga Race Course
267 Union Ave., Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
342 Jefferson Street, Saratoga Springs, NY 12866
Tioga Downs Racetrack
2384 W. River Road, Nichols, NY 13812
Vernon Downs Racetrack
4229 Stuhlman Road, Vernon, NY 13476
810 Yonkers Ave., Yonkers, NY 10704
Off-track Betting Locations
Biddy Spratts Irish Pub & Grill
401 Sunrise Highway West Islip, NY, 11795
1037 NY-22, Brewster, NY, 10509
Catskill Mountain Lodge
334 Route 32A, Palenville, NY, 12463
Clubhouse Race Book
711 Central Avenue Albany, NY 12206
Page’s Grille & Bar
4725 Transit Road, Depew, NY, 14043
Paul’s Terrace Cafe – Restaurant & Sports Bar
239-241 Merrick Road, Oceanside, NY 11572
Pioneer Sports Bar & Grill
208 South Main Street, Elmira, NY, 14904
Rocky Point Ale House
42 Broadway Rocky Point, NY, 11778
The Dr’s Inn Grill & Tap Room
1743 East Ave., Rochester, NY, 14610
Trinity Restaurant and Bar
190 Jericho Turnpike, Floral Park, NY 11001
(516) 358 5584
United States Supreme Court Overturns PASPA: What That Means for Legal Sports Betting in the US.
On May 14, 2018, the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the state of New Jersey in Murphy vs. NCAA, overturning the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act (PASPA), the 1992 federal law that prohibited full-fledged sports betting in every state except Nevada.
In essence, that means sports wagering is now a states’ rights issue. Every to state is free to choose if it wants sports betting and, if so, how to regulate it and tax it.
Approximately 80% of revenues from Table Game and Sports Wagering proceeds are allocated to Education/Property Tax Relief, with another 10% split equally between the host municipality and host county, and 10% split among non-host counties within the region on a per capita basis. Over an eight-month period through March 2020, Resorts World Catskills in Monticello contributed about $139,200 to education and property tax relief funds in New York through its sports betting revenues.
Since May 14, legal Delaware sports betting began at its three commercial casinos on June 5, and the state of New Jersey accepted its first sports bet at Monmouth Park on June 14. As of June 2019, sports betting is legal in 11 jurisdictions (10 states and District of Columbia) outside of Nevada, though not all have launched sports betting.
The road to the United States Supreme Court (SCOTUS) took about seven years in a lengthy legal battle between New Jersey and the NCAA alongside the major professional sports leagues, who used PASPA to block the state from offering sports betting. The high court heard oral argument in the case in December 2017 and ruled in May, with Justice Samuel Alito authoring the majority opinion.
In an opinion joined by all of the justices except Justice Ginsburg and Justice Sotomayor, Alito stated:
The legalization of sports gambling requires an important policy choice, but the choice is not ours to make.
Congress can regulate sports gambling directly, but if it elects not to do so, each State is free to act on its own. Our job is to interpret the law Congress has enacted and decide whether it is consistent with the Constitution. PASPA is not. PASPA ‘regulate[s] state governments’ regulation’ of their citizens, New York, 505 U. S., at 166. The Constitution gives Congress no such power. The judgment of the Third Circuit is reversed.”
New Jersey built its case on constitutional grounds — arguing that the law “commandeered” states to uphold its anti-gambling laws, or maintain them, or prevent states from repealing them — in violation of principles of state sovereignty. And it worked. Congress had overstepped its bounds. Congress could have outright banned sports wagering, and still could, but that’s not what PASPA did.
The case, originally titled Christie v NCAA (it changed with the new governor), was heard by the Supreme Court after making its way through the U.S. Third Circuit Court of Appeals, before SCOTUS granted New Jersey’s petition for a day in the high court.
What Was the Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act?
The Professional and Amateur Sports Protection Act, known as PASPA, was the 1992 law that prohibited sports betting in every state except Nevada. Ironically, New Jersey senator Bill Bradley, a former New York Knick, was a driving force behind the bill. The key ideas behind the bill were to preserve the “integrity of the games,” to stop youths from betting on sports, and to prevent other states from legalizing sports betting.
At the time the law was passed, New Jersey was among the states that had one year to legalize sports betting, but the state failed to do so. Three states, Delaware, Montana and Oregon did take advantage of the one-year filing deadline to continue quasi-sports betting games. The law grants the U.S. attorney general and the leagues the power to go to the courts to block a state from legalizing sports betting, which is what the leagues have done with New Jersey.
For a full explanation of PASPA, click here.